A new paper suggests that the mysterious X17 subatomic particle is indicative of a fifth force of nature.
The Big Bang is widely accepted as being the beginning of everything we see around us, but other theories that are gathering support among scientists are suggesting otherwise.
Uma computação totalmente nova. É assim que deve ser a computação quântica. O tema tem estado cada vez mais presente e levantado especulações de como isso pode mudar o cenário tecnológico. Mas o que, exatamente, significa o termo quântico?
Para ele, a consciência é a capacidade de experimentar o mundo de alguma forma, e até mesmo as mais simples formas de matéria podem ‘sentir’
A única razão aparente pela qual os seres humanos sabem sobre a existência da consciência (o fenômeno de ter sentimentos e experiências subjetivas) é porque, de fato, temos experiências e sentimentos. Mas, apesar de séculos de estudo, os cientistas ainda não fizeram avanços no entendimento desse fenômeno.
The universe is getting messy. Like a glass shattering to pieces or a single wave crashing onto the shore, the universe’s messiness can only move in one direction – toward more chaos and disorder. But scientists think that, at least for a single electron or the simplest quantum computer, they may be able to turn back time, and restore order to chaos. This doesn’t mean we’ll be visiting with dinosaurs or Napoleon any time soon, but for physicists, the idea that time can run backward at all is still a pretty big deal.
PHI(φ) is an irrational, non-terminating number as PI(π), but its significance is far more than PI(π) ;
Π = 3.14159265359…(pi)
Φ = 1.61803398874…(phi)
The Golden Ratio (phi = φ) is often called The Most Beautiful Number In The Universe.
The reason φ is so extraordinary is because it can be visualized almost everywhere, starting from geometry to the human body itself!
The Renaissance Artists called this “The Divine Proportion” or “The Golden Ratio”.
PHI(φ) can be seen appearing in the following ways:
1. Fibonacci Series
0, 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34, 55, 89, 144…
This series was developed by an Italian mathematician known as Leonardo Fibonacci. Other than the fact that each term is the sum of its two preceding consecutive terms, it can also be seen that if we divide a term greater than 2 by a term preceding it that the ratio always tends to 1.618…!
And if we continue this division after the 13th term we will always get a fixed number = 1.618
89/55 = 1.618
144/89 = 1.618
233/144 = 1.618
377/233 = 1.618
610/377 = 1.618
987/610 = 1.618
2. The Human Body
- For instance, if you divide the length from your head to toe by the length from your bellybutton to toe you will find the answer tending to φ.
- Now, divide the length from your shoulder to the tip of the index finger by the length from your elbow to the wrist (of the same arm) and you’ll get φ again..!!
- Divide the length from the top of the head to the shoulder by the length from your top of the head to your chin, φ again!
- Top of your head to belly button by the length between you head and shoulder…..BANG….φ again!!!
- Distance between your bellybutton and the knee, by the distance between knee and the bottom of the foot….φ again!
- Now divide the length of your face to the width of the face……BAAM…φ again!!
- Width of your two upper teeth to that of its height, and you’ll get φ again!
- Lips to eyebrow divided by the length of the nose, φ again!
- A sunflower grows in opposing spirals, the ratio of its rotation’s diameter to the next is 1.618…..i.e. φ again!
- The ratio between the margin of a leaf to its veins(some plants) also gives φ.
4. DNA Of Organisms
- DNA of the cell appears as a double-stranded helix referred to as B-DNA. This form of DNA has a two groove in its spirals, with a ratio of φ in the proportion of the major groove to the minor groove.
- A cross-sectional view from the top of the DNA double helix forms a decagon. A decagon is actually two pentagons, with one rotated by 36 degrees from the other, so each spiral of the double helix must trace out the shape of a pentagon. The ratio of the diagonal of a pentagon to its side is φ to 1.
5. The Solar System
- The average of the mean orbital distances of each successive planet in relation to the one before, tends to φ.
- The Kepler’s Triangle(the triangle formed by utilizing the moon and the earth) is formed by a Pythagorean relation, in which the three sides of the right-angled triangle formed are always of this order:
Hypotenuse = φ
Perpendicular = √φ
Height = 1
- If the rings of Saturn are closely looked at we will see that there is a ring that is quite denser than the other rings. Miraculously this inner ring exhibits the same golden section proportion as the brighter outer ring i.e. φ
- Venus and the Earth are linked in an unusual relationship involving φ. If Mercury represents the basic unit of orbital distance and period in the solar system:
√Period of Venus * φ = Distance of the Earth
√2.5490 * 1.6180339 = 1.5966 * 1.6180339
= 2.5833 million kilometers
6. Art And Architecture
The Golden Ratio was probably most utilized by artists and architects while building their masterpieces. The following 5 pieces of work are specifically mentioned in the list as the golden ratio has been extensively used while creating them!
- The Great Pyramid of Giza
- Notre Dame
- The Vitruvian Man
- The Last Supper
- The Parthenon
If we divide an octave by a perfect fifth, (13/20) = φ
If we divide a perfect fifth by an octave, (8/13) = φ
If we divide a perfect fourth by a major sixth, (6/10) = φ
And if we divide a major third by a perfect fifth, (5/8) = φ
Therefore we can see that φ is indeed a mystical number which can be visualized all around us.
And if we observe closely we can find its traces going back before humanity was even inhabiting earth, for example, the skin folds of extinct dinosaurs, rare ancient insect segmentation, and much beyond that.
Estudo de físicos russos postula que nosso Universo é um objeto quântico e deve exibir características quânticas como superposição, o que levaria à existência de múltiplos universos em interação
Recentemente dois físicos da Universidade Federal do Báltico Immanuel Kant (IKBFU), na Rússia, propuseram uma visão totalmente nova do cosmos. Seu estudo combina a ideia de que estamos vivendo uma simulação e a mistura com a teoria dos “muitos mundos” para dizer que todo o nosso universo é parte de um computador ou sistema quântico imensamente grande, abrangendo “incontáveis” multiversos.
Artyam Yurov e Valerian Yurov, os pesquisadores da IKBFU por trás do estudo, postulam que tudo no universo, incluindo ele mesmo, deve ser visto como um objeto quântico. Isso significa que, para experimentar a “realidade quântica”, não precisamos olhar para partículas subatômicas ou qubits: já estamos lá.
The universe of problems that a computer can check has grown. The researchers’ secret ingredient? Quantum entanglement.
By interrogating entangled quantum computers, a person can verify the answers to enormously complicated problems.
Imagine someone came along and told you that they had an oracle, and that this oracle could reveal the deep secrets of the universe. While you might be intrigued, you’d have a hard time trusting it. You’d want some way to verify that what the oracle told you was true.
This is the crux of one of the central problems in computer science. Some problems are too hard to solve in any reasonable amount of time. But their solutions are easy to check. Given that, computer scientists want to know: How complicated can a problem be while still having a solution that can be verified?
Turns out, the answer is: Almost unimaginably complicated.