‘Geração digital’: por que, pela 1ª vez, filhos têm QI inferior ao dos pais

A Fábrica de Cretinos Digitais. Este é o título do último livro do neurocientista francês Michel Desmurget, diretor de pesquisa do Instituto Nacional de Saúde da França, em que apresenta, com dados concretos e de forma conclusiva, como os dispositivos digitais estão afetando seriamente — e para o mal — o desenvolvimento neural de crianças e jovens.

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New UC Davis research suggests parents should limit screen media for preschoolers

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Devices also limit interaction time

Researchers voiced other reasons for cautious use of mobile devices by young children. “The portable nature of mobile devices allows them to be used in any location, such as while waiting for appointments, or in line at a grocery store. The screen use, then, could interfere with sensitive and responsive interactions with parents or practicing self-soothing behaviors that support optimal development,” said Lawrence.

The research team recruited participants by handing out flyers at preschools and community events. Data were collected between July 1, 2016, and Jan. 11, 2019. During individual 90-minute visits to an on-campus research laboratory, children were asked to complete 10 tasks to evaluate their ability to self-regulate. Tasks were as varied as walking a line slowly, taking turns with the researcher in building a tower out of blocks, and delaying gratification — for example, being asked to hold off unwrapping a gift while the researcher briefly left the room. Parents were asked about screen use using a novel survey designed by Lawrence, and researchers calculated the children’s reported age at first use of screen media and average time spent per week on each device.

Other findings include:

  • There was substantial variation in the amount of time children spent with screen media devices in the average week in this community sample. Screen time for traditional devices (television, computers) ranged from 0 to 68 hours per week, and 0 to 14 hours per week for mobile devices (tablets, smartphones).
  • Children’s screen time in the average week was not related to their family’s income in this sample, but children growing up in higher-income households started using mobile devices at a younger age than lower-income households.
  • Screen time also did not differ by racial/ethnic minority status in this sample.

Additionally, children’s exposure to what the researchers consider traditional screen devices (televisions, computers) in the average week was not related to their self-regulation, in contrast to most previous research. Lawrence speculates that messaging about providing child-directed, educational content and cautioning parents to monitor children’s viewing has reached parents and has been effective, at least among some groups.

This is a small study, but the beginning of a long-term longitudinal study of children’s development of self-regulation and looking at all screen media devices over multiple years with more children and parents, researchers said.

Link Original: https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2020/03/200331134623.htm





El efecto de las nalgadas y correazos en la salud de los niños

El año pasado escuché por la radio a tres periodistas de Panamá que recomendaban a los padres y oyentes volver a utilizar el castigo físico sobre sus hijos. Según estos periodistas la rebeldía, el descontrol y los problemas de la juventud se deben a que los padres de hoy no son capaces de pegarles a sus hijos cuando se lo merecen. Eso no fue todo.

El periodista más popular de los tres, dijo que los correazos y chancletazos no han matado a nadie y que ni fiebre les dan a los niños cuando se lo merecen. En otro programa, una de las periodistas le dijo a su audiencia de la mañana que el éxito de su vida profesional se lo debe a los castigos físicos que le dio su padre y que gracias a esa disciplina ella es hoy una mujer de bien.

El tercer periodista fue aún más osado y sugirió a los padres no hacerles caso a las recomendaciones de los psicólogos de evitar pegarles a los niños porque después se trauman, y aseguró además que a los niños nada les pasa cuando les dan unos buenos correazos por portarse mal.

La narrativa de los periodistas es una muestra del pensamiento imperante no solo en la sociedad panameña sino en todo el mundo. Así lo demuestra el último estudio publicado por UNICEF1, el cual reporta que el castigo físico es la forma de “disciplina” violenta más utilizada en el mundo y que el 80% de los niños de 2 a 14 años ha recibido algún tipo de castigo físico.

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Atenção pais e mães! Algumas maneiras de “disciplinar” seus filhos podem ter consequências severas para o bem-estar e saúde deles no futuro.

• Gritar regularmente com uma criança, apertar as orelhas, sacudi-las pelo braço são atitudes muitas vezes aceitas na sociedade, porém, de acordo com a pesquisa realizada pela Universidade de Montreal e Centro Hospitalar Sainte-Justine, no Canadá, os resultados desse tipo de “educação” são adolescentes com inteligência emocional reduzida, quando comparado a crianças que não sofreram este tipo de agressão na infância.