James Heckman já era vencedor do Nobel de Economia quando começou a se dedicar ao assunto pelo qual passaria a ser realmente conhecido: a primeira infância (de 0 a 5 anos de idade), sua relação com a desigualdade social e o potencial que há nessa fase da vida para mudanças que possam tirar pessoas da pobreza.Leer Más
Picture yourself at a college graduation day, with a fresh cohort of students about to set sail for new horizons. What are they thinking while they throw their caps in the air?
Hace casi tres años que formo parte del equipo de redacción de Psyciencia y uno de los primeros artículos que escribí fue precisamente en torno a este tema: las emociones y el intelecto comprendido bajo el prisma de la acepción popular, que involucra el razonamiento lógico y las habilidades de lectoescritura, por ejemplo.
Os neurônios espelho são células ativadas durante a execução e observação de uma ação específica. Estão associados a diversos comportamentos e habilidades, desde a empatia, a aprendizagem por imitação e até em alguns tipos de desordens como o autismo.
BY LISA J. SMITH
You’re a smart, well-rounded, and well-educated person, right? So why is it you keep making the same poor choices over and over again? Why do relationships in your life suffer because of poor communication? Why do you sometimes feel as though you have no control in your life? It could be because your inner child is in the driver’s seat, and if you’ve ever seen a six-year-old drive, well, that says it all.
Mental health and suicide are not just adult issues. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, suicide rates have tripled over the last 15 years among girls 10 to 14 years of age in the United States. More detailed analyses of the data only paint a bleaker picture for some minority populations. Asian American and Pacific Islanders, 15 to 24 years old, are the only racial/ethnic group in which suicide is the number one cause of death. “As a mother of two daughters in their pre-teens, these are alarming statistics that cannot be ignored,” says pediatrician and researcher Joyce Javier, MD, MPH, MS, of Children’s Hospital Los Angeles.
We know that exercise boosts memory and thinking skills. But now, researchers have shown for the first time that physical activity can increase the size of children’s brains and improve academic performance.
Happiness is a serious business. Inspired by the positive psychology movement, corporations hold positions for “chief fun officers” and esteemed institutions like Stanford and Yale offer classes on happiness. But this infatuation with good times is only creating confusion about what it means to succeed, and what skills we need to thrive.
One of the goals as a parent is to watch your child accomplish many wonderful things. My son is only 3, but I can already sense that this overwhelming pride I have for him will be present for the rest of my life. Besides being kind, I want him to find something in his life that he feels passionate about. As a teacher, I’ve seen that passion can facilitate hard work, but raising a hard-working child is about more than that.
Parents often receive books at pediatric checkups via programs like Reach Out and Read and hear from a variety of health professionals and educators that reading to their kids is critical for supporting development.