New approach to some mental disorders

Some of the most common mental disorders, including depression, anxiety and PTSD, might not be disorders at all, according to a recent paper by Washington State University biological anthropologists.

In the paper, published in the Yearbook of Physical Anthropology, the researchers propose a new approach to mental illness that would be informed by human evolution, noting that modern psychology, and in particular its use of drugs like antidepressants, has largely failed to reduce the prevalence of mental disorders. (This paper was made available online on Nov. 28, 2019 ahead of final publication in the issue on April 28, 2020). For example, the global prevalence of major depressive disorder and anxiety disorders remained steady at 4.4% and 4% respectively from 1990 to 2010.

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‘Loss of pleasure’ found in teen sleep study

Sleep patterns around the world have been disrupted as screen time increases and sleep routines change with COVID-19 self-isolation requirements. Negative mood is not unusual in adolescence, but lack of sleep can affect mental health, causing anhedonia (or loss of pleasure), anxiety, anger and significantly increasing the risk of depression, a global study of more than 350,000 teens shows.

Sleep patterns around the world have been disrupted as screen time increases and sleep routines change with COVID-19 self-isolation requirements.

Negative mood is not unusual in adolescence, but lack of sleep can affect mental health, causing anhedonia (or loss of pleasure), anxiety, anger and significantly increasing the risk of depression, a global study of more than 350,000 teens shows.

The results just published in Sleep Medicine Reviews connects less sleep with a 55% increased chance of mood deficits and double the risk of reduced positive mood.

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Depressão: como enfrentar o fracasso da Psiquiatria

Pesquisador inglês afirma: disciplina reduziu estigmas de “loucura”, mas passou a tratar angústias comuns ao ser humano com drogas. Seus efeitos são exagerados; os riscos desconhecidos – e surgiu geração de dependentes

MAIS:
Esta é uma versão condensada da entrevista de Nikolas Rose, publicada na revista Interface –Comunicação, Saúde, Educação.O texto completo pode ser lido aqui:

Nikolas Rose é professor de sociologia do Kings College de Londres e pesquisa as mudanças contemporâneas das “ciências da vida”: biomedicina, genômica, neurociências etc. É internacionalmente conhecido como um dos principais estudiosos da obra de Michel Foucault na atualidade. Essa entrevista é baseada em seu último livro, Nosso Futuro Psiquiátrico (Polity Press, 2018), que analisa os efeitos da psiquiatria sobre a sociedade.

Como a psiquiatria atua politicamente em nossa vida diária? Leer Más



NEUROIMAGING AND AI: NEW HOPE FOR DEPRESSION TREATMENT

 

 

 

 

 

Did you know that up to two-thirds of people who suffer from depression don’t find relief from the first antidepressant they try? And even after four courses of antidepressants, one-third of people with depressive symptoms still don’t get better? Neuroimaging and AI may be able to change that, according to a pair of recent studies in the American Journal of Psychiatry and Nature Human Behavior.

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