Ser livre não é libertar-se dos outros, mas de si mesmo, de acordo com Epicteto

Buscamos a liberdade quando um cego procura suas chaves. Como resultado, não é estranho que acabemos imbuídos em uma busca malsucedida, condenada previamente ao fracasso, sem perceber que o que buscamos fora está dentro. Sem perceber que a liberdade externa não é nem mais nem menos do que a medida em que conseguimos conquistar a liberdade interna, parafraseando Gandhi.

Os estóicos podem nos dar uma lição incrível sobre liberdade, especialmente Epicteto, que foi escravo em Roma durante parte de sua vida. Para esse filósofo, a verdadeira liberdade não significa apenas livrar-se das correntes da sociedade, suas normas e pressões a que somos submetidos pelos outros, mas nos libertar das correntes que às vezes nos impomos. E esse é um conceito que agora, mais do que nunca, devemos internalizar.

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You were born with potential.
You were born with goodness and trust.
You were born with ideals and dreams. You were born with greatness.
You were born with wings.
You are not meant for crawling, so don’t.
You have wings.
Learn to use them and fly.

~ Rumi

You were born




How reading makes you more intelligent and empathic

Get lost in a good book. Time and again, reading has been shown to make us healthier, smarter, and more empathic.

Fitness headlines promise staggering physical results: a firmer butt, ripped abs, bulging biceps. Nutritional breakthroughs are similar clickbait, with attention-grabbing, if often inauthentic—what, really, is a “superfood?”—means of achieving better health. Strangely, one topic usually escaping discussion has been shown, time and again, to make us healthier, smarter, and more empathic animals: reading.

Reading, of course, requires patience, diligence, and determination. Scanning headlines and retweeting quips is not going to make much cognitive difference. If anything, such sweet nothings are dangerous, the literary equivalent of sugar addiction. Information gathering in under 140 characters is lazy. The benefits of contemplation through narrative offer another story.

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Intellectual humility: the importance of knowing you might be wrong

Why it’s so hard to see our own ignorance, and what to do about it.

Julia Rohrer wants to create a radical new culture for social scientists. A personality psychologist at the Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Rohrer is trying to get her peers to publicly, willingly admit it when they are wrong.

To do this, she, along with some colleagues, started up something called the Loss of Confidence Project. It’s designed to be an academic safe space for researchers to declare for all to see that they no longer believe in the accuracy of one of their previous findings. The effort recently yielded a paper that includes six admissions of no confidence. And it’s accepting submissions until January 31.

“I do think it’s a cultural issue that people are not willing to admit mistakes,” Rohrer says. “Our broader goal is to gently nudge the whole scientific system and psychology toward a different culture,” where it’s okay, normalized, and expected for researchers to admit past mistakes and not get penalized for it.

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El Qutub es el jefe de todo el sistema Sufi: es el más iluminado de todos los Sufis, ha alcanzado el grado de Wasl (Unión con el Infinito) y tiene poder sobre, según algunos, todo el organismo Sufi. Otros dicen que el Qutub también tiene un considerable poder político o temporal. En cualquier caso, su identidad es conocida por unos pocos. Solamente mantiene comunicación con los Líderes de las Órdenes.

Las conferencias son llevadas a cabo telepáticamente, o bien mediante la “aniquilación del tiempo y del espacio”. Se dice que este último fenómeno significa que los Sufis del grado de Wasl pueden transportarse a cualquier lugar instantáneamente, en forma física, mediante un proceso de descorporealización.

El Qutub es asistido por cuatro diputados – los Awtád o Pilares – cuya función es mantener conocimiento de, y el poder sobre, los cuatro rincones de la tierra e informarle constantemente sobre el estado de los asuntos en cada país. Al servicio de los Awtád están los cuarenta Abdal (“aquellos que han cambiado espiritualmente”), y debajo de ellos los setenta Nobles, quienes a su vez están al mando de trescientos Señores. Los santos Sufis que no ocupan un cargo real en esta jerarquía son denominados Santos: Wali.

Magia oriental

La nueva edición ya está lista, incluyendo por primera vez todo el material fotográfico, en formato papel (blando y duro) + eBook. También, como siempre, lo puedes leer gratuitamente aquí:

https://idriesshahfoundation.org/es/books/oriental-magic/

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La jerarquía invisible del Sufismo / The invisible rulership of Sufism