Meet Abu Zayd al-Balkhi Who Introduced the Concept of Mental Health In Psychology During The 9th Century

Abu Zayd al-Balkhi was a 9th century Muslim polymath, whose writings touched on subjects as varied as geography, medicine, philosophy, theology, politics, poetry, ethics, sociology, grammar, literature and astronomy. Born in 849 CE (235 AH) in the Persian village of Shamisitiyan, within the Balkh (from which he gets his name) province, now a part of modern day Afghanistan, he went on to write more than 60 books and manuscripts. Unfortunately, most of the documents authored by him have been lost over the years, with only a minority of his work reaching us in the modern era. Of the few aspects of his legacy that have reached us, namely his development of the “Balkhi School” of terrestrial mapping, and his work on the Sustenance of the Soul, both show the intellectual prowess of the scholar. Al-Balkhi received his early education from his father and as he grew older, he began studying the scientific and artistic branches of knowledge of the time. In terms of his temperament, he is described as being shy and contemplative.

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The Stunning Beauty of Islamic Geometric Patterns

Creative people always want to find something interesting that would challenge them and interests them in life. If they happen to find their interest in art, it translates not only into art, but it also serves a higher purpose in connecting the viewer to consciousness. When there is a need to describe the idea or the logic behind an art form, we almost always need help from geometry.

Humans are capable of looking at the world in different ways. People with different training have different perspectives, and they look at the world in many different ways. The painter looks at the world in a certain way, the poet looks at in a different way, the novelist looks at it in another way. For instance, Picasso looked at the world and saw things in ways we could not. He looked at the world and then abstracted it, very much like a mathematician.

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How oppressive and evil is a man who treats a flower with violence and indifference and does not appreciate her flower-life nature.

On the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against women, Khamenei.ir publishes excerpts from Ayatollah Khamenei’s statements on the status of women:

Islam has a very clear view of the family and women’s position in the family environment. There is a narration by the Holy Prophet (s.w.a.) which says, “Women are the lord at home.” The position of women in the family environment has been specified in the narrations of our infallible Imams (a.s.). “A woman is a flower and not a servant at home.” Islam tells men, “The best of you are those who treat their wives best.” These are the views of Islam, and there are many such views in Islam. However, practicing the Islamic view in the family environment is not possible through these narrations alone: it requires a legal guarantee and it is necessary to provide this guarantee. This has not been done over the past years. Faithful families and well-behaved and pious men have taken Islamic views into consideration. But in other cases, Islamic views have not been taken into consideration and women have been oppressed in the family.

Leader’s Speech to Prominent Iranian Women; May 22, 2011.

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Edgar Morin: “É preciso ensinar a compreensão humana”

Nos acostumamos a acreditar que pensamento e prática são compartimentos distintos da vida. Quem pensa o mundo não faz o mundo e vice-versa.

Mas, houve um tempo em que os sábios, eventualmente chamados de cientistas ou artistas, circulavam por diversos campos da cultura. Matemática, física, arquitetura, pintura, escultura eram matéria-prima do pensamento e da ação.

A revolução industrial veio derrubar a ideia do saber renascentista e, desde o século 19, a especialização foi ganhando força. Porém, sempre haverá quem nos lembre que a vida é produto de um contexto, de um acúmulo de vivências e ideias.

Pense em um filósofo que pegou em armas contra o nazismo para depois empunhar as ferramentas da retórica contra o stalinismo, que reconhece a importância dos saberes dos povos originais sem abrir mão de pensar e repensar a educação formal.

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Teoría de la evolución de Darwin: por qué es incorrecto decir que “descendemos de los monos” y otras 4 cosas que quizás no sabías sobre nuestro origen

 

 

Este 24 de noviembre se cumplen 160 años desde la publicación de “El origen de las especies”, el libro en el que Charles Darwin estableció las bases de la teoría de la evolución por selección natural.

¿Pero cuánto sabemos sobre la historia de nuestra especie?

¿Y por qué es un error decir que “descendemos de los monos”?

En BBC Mundo recordamos cinco datos que tal vez puedan resultarte sorprendentes sobre la evolución humana.

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¿Qué es el estoicismo?

La filosofía de 2.000 años de antigüedad que se usa para sobrevivir al caos

En 1965 durante la guerra entre Estados Unidos y Vietnam, el piloto de la armada estadounidense James Stockdale recibió un disparo mientras volaba sobre el país enemigo.

El joven no sabía que pasaría siente años como prisionero de guerra de los vietnamitas. Y que un filósofo que había vivido en Grecia en el siglo I d.C. se convertiría en su gran maestro y amigo, ayudándole a soportar sufrimientos inimaginables.

El filósofo se llamaba Epicteto y su filosofía, el estoicismo.

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