Cultural Crossroads: Professor Wendy Doniger

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Professor Wendy Doniger is a scholar of Hindu culture. She studied at Harvard and Oxford and is the Mircea Eliade Distinguished Service Professor of the History of Religions at the University of Chicago. Her numerous books include Hindu Myths: an Anthology, Women, Androgynes and Other Mythical Beasts, and The Hindus: An Alternative History. This last work became a No. 1 bestseller on its publication in 2009, but was later withdrawn from sale by its publisher, Penguin India, after coming under attack. It is now published by Speaking Tiger Books.

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House of Wisdom

The House of Wisdom( Arabic: بيت الحكمة‎; Bayt al-Hikma ) refers to a major Abbasid public academy and intellectual center in Baghdad or to a large private library belonging to the Abbasid Caliphs during the  Islamic Golden Age.[1][2] The House of Wisdom is the subject of an active dispute over its functions and existence as a formal academy, an issue complicated by a lack of physical evidence following the collapste of the Abbasid Calphate and a reliance on corroboration of literary sources to construct a narrative. The House of Wisdom was founded either as a library for the collections of the Caliph Harun al-Rashid in the late 18th century and later turned into a public academy during the reign of  Al-Ma’mun or was a private collection created by Al-Mansur (reign 754-775) to house rare books and collections of poetry in both Arabic and Persian. [1][3] Regardless, the House of Wisdom existed as a part of the major Translation Movement taking place during the Abbasid Era, translating works from Greek and Syriac to Arabic, but it is unlikely that The House of Wisdom existed as the sole center of such work, as a major translation efforts arose in Cairo and Damascus even earlier than the proposed deal of original research occurring in the Islamicate world, which had access to texts from Greek, Persian and Indian sources, as opposed to the “Bookshelf Thesis” that reduces the contributions of Islamicate scholars to mere translation and preservation of Greek texts.[4]

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O legado de negros muçulmanos que se rebelaram na Bahia antes do fim da escravidão

 

 

 

 

 

Pintura ‘Negra Quitandeira’, de Antonio Ferrigno; indumentária malê teria dado origem ao turbante branco usado no candomblé e na umbanda

Salvador, 25 de janeiro de 1835. Foi num sobrado de dois andares, na Ladeira da Praça, que teve início o maior e mais importante levante urbano de africanos escravizados já registrado no Brasil. Era por volta de 1h da madrugada quando um grupo de 50 africanos, das mais diferentes etnias, ocupou as ruas da capital baiana. O levante entrou para a história como a Revolta dos Malês.

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Cultural Imperialism

The Author

Robert Cecil, CMG, MA was Chairman of the Graduate School of Contemporary European Studies, University of Reading (1976-8), and Chairman of the Institute for Cultural Research, for which he edited an anthology, The King’s Son (Octagon Press, 1980). His other published works include Life in Edwardian England (1969), The Myth of the Master Race: Rosenberg and Nazi Ideology (1972), Hitler’s Decision to Invade Russia (1975), A Divided Life: a biography of Donald Maclean (1988), and The Masks of Death: Changing Attitudes in the Nineteenth Century (1991). This monograph is the text of a lecture delivered under the aegis of the Institute for Cultural Research. First published in 1971, what follows is a substantial selection from the original, a full copy of which can be obtained from the ICR website: http://www.i-c-r.org.uk

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A Burra Unanimidade Do Senso Comum

Desde os primórdios da humanidade, certas características de um pensamento coletivo e uniforme são elevadas a categorias de uma falácia tornada verdade, concretização de uma generalização perversa para encaixar grupos, pessoas, seres e ideias como algo ruim, decrépito e nocivo à sociedade. Estou falando do já consagrado senso comum, tão em evidencia nos últimos tempos, graças ao seu predomínio nos meios de comunicação. O senso comum é fato consumado para legitimar argumentos retóricos, geralmente inconsistentes, permeados por concepções generalistas  dos fatos relatados.

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