Brain changed by caffeine in utero

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New research finds caffeine consumed during pregnancy can change important brain pathways in baby

Date:February 8, 2021Source:University of Rochester Medical CenterSummary:New research finds caffeine consumed during pregnancy can change important brain pathways that could lead to behavioral problems later in life. Researchers analyzed thousands of brain scans of nine and ten-year-olds, and revealed changes in the brain structure in children who were exposed to caffeine in utero.

New research finds caffeine consumed during pregnancy can change important brain pathways that could lead to behavioral problems later in life. Researchers in the Del Monte Institute for Neuroscience at the University of Rochester Medical Center (URMC) analyzed thousands of brain scans of nine and ten-year-olds, and revealed changes in the brain structure in children who were exposed to caffeine in utero.

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Happiness really does come for free

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People in societies where money plays a minimal role can have very high levels of happiness

Date: February 8, 2021 / Source: McGill University / Summary: Economic growth is often prescribed as a way of increasing the well-being of people in low-income countries. A new stude suggests that there may be good reason to question this assumption. The researchers found that the majority of people in societies where money plays a minimal role reported a level of happiness comparable to that found in Scandinavian countries which typically rate highest in the world.

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What is the purpose of universities?

For centuries, universities have advanced humanity toward truth. Professor Jonathan Haidt speaks to why college campuses are suddenly heading in the opposite direction.

  • In a lecture at UCCS, NYU professor Jonathan Haidt considers the ‘telos’ or purpose of universities: To discover truth.
  • Universities that prioritize the emotional comfort of students over the pursuit of truth fail to deliver on that purpose, at a great societal cost.
  • To make that point, Haidt quotes CNN contributor Van Jones: “I don’t want you to be safe ideologically. I don’t want you to be safe emotionally. I want you to be strong—that’s different.”
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Físicos dizem ter detectado o quinto elemento – a quintessência

Redação do Site Inovação Tecnológica – 27/11/2020Quintessência: Físicos dizem ter detectado o quinto elementoO observatório Planck rastreou a radiação cósmica de fundo, que os cientistas acreditam ser o “eco” do Big Bang. [Imagem: ESA/Planck]

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O retorno do éter

Uma dupla de físicos da Alemanha e do Japão acredita ter dado um passo importante para ressuscitar uma das teorias mais controversas da Física: o éter.

Até Einstein, o éter era a substância essencial a partir da qual todas as partículas e ondas eram medidas, e no qual elas se deslocavam. Mas a teoria da relatividade especial dispensou o éter. Como defender o éter significava contrapor-se à relatividade, o termo foi logo banido e criou-se muito preconceito em torno dele.

Não têm faltado tentativas de ressuscitá-lo, sendo que a versão mais moderna equivale ao chamado vácuo quântico, que descreve o “vazio” como uma sopa de partículas que surgem e desaparecem o tempo todo – para quase todos os efeitos, aceitar o vácuo quântico significa apenas rebatizar o éter.

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Su-Fi people think that in our ordinary state we are asleep / hipnotized / trance. In this state of sleep / hypnosis / trance, many of us live our entire lives without being aware that something more is possible. We imagine ourselves to be fully conscious and fully developed. This illusion prevents us from seeing our situation and, especially, ourselves as we really are.

“If a man in prison was at any time to have a chance to escape, then he must first of all realize that he is in prison.”

Sanai explained: “Humanity is asleep, concerned only with what is useless, living in a wrong world. Believing that one can excel this is only habit and usage, not religion. You have an inverted knowledge and religion if you are upside down in relation to Reality. Man is wrapping his net around himself. A lion bursts his cage asunder… ” Sanai of Afghanistan, The Walled Garden of Truth, written in 1131 A.D.

“This universe that you see, containing the human and the divine, is a unity; we are the limbs of a might body. Nature brought us to birth as kin, since it generated us all from the same materials and for the same purposes, endowing us with affection for one another and making us companionable. Nature establishes fairness and justice. According to nature’s dispensation, it is worse to harm than to be harmed. On the basis of nature’s command, let our hands be available to help whenever necessary. Let this verse be in your heart and in your mouth:

I am a human being, I regard nothing human as foreign to me. Let us hold things in common, as we are born for the common good. Our companionship is just like an arch, which would collapse without the stones’ mutual support to hold it up.”

Seneca, letter 95.



This brain balancing act allows consciousness

Two types of thinking have a time-sharing deal going on in your brain.

  • Your DMN and DAT neural networks cooperate by staying out of each other’s way.
  • FMRI scans reveal a surprising temporal dance.
  • When both systems are at the same activity level, boom, you’re unconscious.

While consciousness remains “the hard problem” — as in what exactly is it? Where is it? — a new study published in Science Advances sheds surprising light on how the brain switches us from conscious to unconscious states and vice versa. It has something to do with an imbalance between two neural systems. In fact, consciousness requires that imbalance.

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This nifty infographic is a great introduction to neuroplasticity

It’s startling to think about how we’ve got a spaceship billions of miles away rendezvousing with Pluto, yet here on Earth there are major aspects of our own anatomy that we’re almost completely ignorant about. We’ve climbed Everest, sent men to the moon, and invented the Internet — but we still don’t know how our brains work. The positive outlook is that many health, science, and research specialists believe we’re on the precipice of some major neuroscientific breakthroughs.

One example of a recent discovery with major implications is our further understanding of neuroplasticity. Simply put, we used to think our brain was what it was — unchangeable, unalterable. We were stuck with what nature gave us. In actuality, our brains are like plastic. We can alter neurochemistry to change beliefs, thoughts processes, emotions, etc. You are the architect of your brain. You also have the power to act against dangerous impulses such as addiction. The therapeutic possibilities here are endless.

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Body Weight Has Surprising, Alarming Impact on Brain Function

Higher BMI is linked to decreased cerebral blood flow, which is associated with increased risk of Alzheimer’s disease and mental illness, according to a new study in JAD

Amsterdam, NL and Costa Mesa, CA, USA – As a person’s weight goes up, all regions of the brain go down in activity and blood flow, according to a new brain imaging study in the Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease. One of the largest studies linking obesity with brain dysfunction, scientists analyzed over 35,000 functional neuroimaging scans using single-photon emission computerized tomography from more than 17,000 individuals to measure blood flow and brain activity.

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