Magnesium Reduces Diabetes and Helps Keep You Young

 

 

 

 

 

By Dr. Mercola

Magnesium is an essential mineral used in pathways for energy production, protein synthesis and cell signaling.1 The mineral is involved in nearly 300 metabolic reactions.2 It is used by every organ and muscle in your body, especially your heart, kidneys and bones. Deficiency and insufficiency have been associated with a number of health conditions, including heart disease, Type 2 diabetes, hypertension and osteoporosis.

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Conexão melhor entre áreas do cérebro é chave para inteligência, sugere estudo

 

 

 

 

 

 

Compreender os fundamentos do pensamento humano é algo que fascina tanto cientistas quanto leigos. As diferenças nas capacidades cognitivas – e os efeitos resultantes, por exemplo, no sucesso acadêmico ou nas carreiras profissionais – são atribuídas a um grau considerável de diferenças individuais em termos de inteligência.

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Sugar industry withheld evidence of sucrose’s health effects nearly 50 years ago

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A U.S. sugar industry trade group appears to have pulled the plug on a study that was producing animal evidence linking sucrose to disease nearly 50 years ago, researchers argue in a paper publishing on November 21 in the open access journal PLOS Biology.

Researchers Cristin Kearns, Dorie Apollonio and Stanton Glantz from the University of California at San Francisco reviewed internal industry documents and discovered that the Sugar Research Foundation (SRF) funded animal research to evaluate sucrose’s effects on cardiovascular health. When the evidence seemed to indicate that sucrose might be associated with heart disease and bladder cancer, they found, the foundation terminated the without publishing the results.

In a previous analysis of the documents, Kearns and Glantz found that SRF had secretly funded a 1967 review article that downplayed evidence linking sucrose consumption to . That SRF-funded review noted that gut microbes may explain why rats fed sugar had higher cholesterol levels than those fed starch, but dismissed the relevance of animal studies to understanding human disease.

In the new paper in PLOS Biology, the team reports that the following year, SRF (which had changed its name in 1968 to the International Sugar Research Foundation, or ISRF) launched a rat study called Project 259 ‘to measure the nutritional effects of the [bacterial] organisms in the intestinal tract’ when sucrose was consumed, compared to starch.

The ISRF-funded research on rats by W.R.F. Pover of the University of Birmingham suggested that gut bacteria help mediate sugar’s adverse cardiovascular effects. Pover also reported findings that might indicate an increased risk of bladder cancer. “This incidental finding of Project 259 demonstrated to ISRF that sucrose vs. starch consumption caused different metabolic effects,” Kearns and her colleagues argue, “and suggested that sucrose, by stimulating urinary beta-glucuronidase, may have a role in the pathogenesis of .”

The ISRF described the finding in a September 1969 internal document as “one of the first demonstrations of a biological difference between sucrose and starch fed rats.” But soon after ISRF learned about these results—and shortly before the research project was complete—the group terminated funding for the project, and no findings from the work were published.

In the 1960s, scientists disagreed over whether sugar could elevate triglycerides relative to starch, and Project 259 would have bolstered the case that it could, the authors argue. What’s more, terminating Project 259 echoed SRF’s earlier efforts to downplay sugar’s role in cardiovascular disease.

The results suggest that the current debate on the relative effects of sugar vs. starch may be rooted in more than 60 years of industry manipulation of science. Last year, the Sugar Association criticized a mouse study suggesting a link between sugar and increased tumor growth and metastasis, saying that “no credible link between ingested sugars and cancer has been established.”

The analysis by Kearns and her colleagues of the industry’s own documents, in contrast, suggests that the industry knew of animal research suggesting this link and halted funding to protect its commercial interests half a century ago.

“The kind of manipulation of research is similar what the tobacco industry does,” according to co-author Stanton Glantz. “This kind of behavior calls into question sugar industry-funded studies as a reliable source of information for public policy making.”

“Our study contributes to a wider body of literature documenting industry manipulation of science,” the researchers write in the PLOS Biology paper. “Based on ISRF’s interpretation of preliminary results, extending Project 259’s funding would have been unfavorable to the ‘s commercial interests.” SRF cut off funding before that could happen.

More information: Kearns CE, Apollonio D, Glantz SA (2017) Sugar industry sponsorship of germ-free rodent studies linking sucrose to hyperlipidemia and cancer: An historical analysis of internal documents. PLoS Biol 15(11): e2003460. doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.2003460

Provided by: Public Library of Science

Link Original: https://m.medicalxpress.com/news/2017-11-sugar-industry-withheld-evidence-sucrose.html



How Moms React To Their Toddler’s Tantrums May Predict How They’ll Handle Their Emotions, Study Finds

 

 

 

 

 

Toddler tantrums are no fun for anyone involved. Tensions are high and triggers can be anything from a missed nap to a toy left behind. While most of the attention during a tantrum is on the child’s behavior, mom’s behavior in the moment has a lot of significance, too. In fact, according to a recent study, how moms react to their toddler’s tantrums may predict how their children will handle their emotions now and later in life.

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Chronic Stress Drives You To Make High-Risk Decisions: MIT Study

 

 

 

 

 

Making tough decisions could make or break the outcome of important events in your life. It is never easy having to choose between two options with both positive and negative add-ons. Drinking with your borderline alcoholic friend for the fourth time this week could turn out to be the night of your life, but it might lead to you filing for unemployment. Tough call.

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