El chiste o fábula corriente, conteniendo solamente un punto o énfasis, no puede compararse con el sistema de Nasrudín, idealmente un recital participativo que ejerce un efecto tanto interior como exterior o superficial. Las parábolas, fábulas o chistes ordinarios son considerados místicamente estériles porque carecen de penetración o verdadera fuerza regeneradora.

Aunque la compleja ingenuidad e intención del cuento de Nasrudín es más avanzada que, digamos, la figura de Baldakiev de los rusos, el Joha de los árabes o el Bertoldo de los italianos – todos ellos conocidos personajes cómicos –, algo acerca de la diferencia de profundidad en los relatos puede determinarse por medio de los chistes del Mulá y sus equivalentes apariciones esporádicas en otras partes.

Un cuento zen provee un ejemplo interesante. En él, un monje pide a un maestro que le dé una versión de la realidad más allá de la realidad. El maestro agarra una manzana podrida, y el monje percibe la verdad por medio de este signo. Se nos deja a oscuras en lo referido a qué yace detrás de, o qué lleva hacia, la iluminación.

La historia de Nasrudín acerca de una manzana, completa una gran parte de los detalles faltantes:

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Physicists Have Found an Entirely New Type of Superconductivity

One of the ultimate goals of modern physics is to unlock the power of superconductivity, where electricity flows with zero resistance at room temperature.

Progress has been slow, but in 2018, physicists have made an unexpected breakthrough. They discovered a superconductor that works in a way no one’s ever seen before – and it opens the door to a whole world of possibilities not considered until now.

In other words, they identified a brand new type of superconductivity.

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Schadenfreude: Your pain is my gain

 

If someone in the workplace is mistreated, their colleagues may respond with empathy — or with schadenfreude. The latter emotion, according to a new study by the University of Zurich, occurs primarily in highly competitive working environments, when one person’s misfortune facilitates another’s goals. Even worse, schadenfreude can be contagious. For this reason, it is worth establishing an inclusive working climate and team-based incentives.

Most employees have heard of or witnessed a colleague being mistreated, talked over, or bullied. To date, most research on this subject argues that observers feel empathy toward victims and anger toward perpetrators. However, Jamie Gloor, business economist at UZH, believes that this view oversimplifies the complex nature of social dynamics. Together with colleagues from Shanghai Jiao Tong University and the National University of Singapore, she devoted her latest publication to the emergence, development, and behavioral consequences of schadenfreude — an emotion long discussed by philosophers as early as Aristotle but which modern organizational research has largely overlooked.

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