Supercomputer Aurora 21 will map the human brain, starting in 2021

Between your ears lies a miracle of nature, with more connections than our galaxy has stars. In the past, the idea of mapping the connectome—or the interconnected neuronal pathways of the brain (the white matter), was thought impossible. Now, a group of scientists are planning to do just that. How? They plan on using an oncoming supercomputer with tremendous power. Should they be successful, it could stand as one of the greatest achievements in the history of science. And that’s just one of the project’s scientists at Argonne National Laboratory are planning, with Aurora 21 (A21).

Intel, IBM, and other tech giants are currently working together to create this mind-blowing supercomputer that’ll run a quintillion operations simultaneously. This will be the first exascale supercomputer in the US. It’s set to go live in 2021. Originally, the US Department of Energy (DOE) reported a 2023 unveiling. But when China announced it was to have its own (exascale supercomputer) by 2020, the DOE stepped up its schedule. Those involved with the project say it’s humming along and should be completed on time.

A21 will have a computing power of 1 exaflop. The US, Japan, and China have been in something of a supercomputer arms race. For now, China has the top model, the Sunway TaihuLight in Wuxi. It runs at 200 million billion petaflops. Aurora 21 will surpass this. It’s currently being built at Argonne National Laboratory in Lemont, Illinois.

According to Science Magazine, “IBM and its partner NVIDIA, the makers of Summit, have focused on marrying central processing units (CPUs) with graphical processing units, which are faster and more efficient for calculations involved in complex visual simulations. Intel and Cray, meanwhile, have long aimed to increase the number of CPU ‘cores’ operating in parallel and creating fast links between them.”

xonal nerve fibers in a real brain. Image credit: jgmarcelino from Newcastle upon Tyne, UK, Wikipedia Commons. 

A21 is expected to cost hundreds of millions of dollars. It’ll take up a quarter acre of land, require thousands of miles of wires, and is expected to consume enough power to light a midsize city. Experts say either China or Japan is likely to develop the world’s first exascale supercomputer, but that A21 will make sure the US keeps up with its closest competitors.

There are lots of projects on the docket already, besides mapping the connectome. Others projects include understanding how gases flow during combustion, how galaxies form, and how plasma reacts in a fusion reactor. A21 will also forecast the weather and predict how new medicines might react inside the body. In sum total, it’ll be a huge windfall for physics and science in general.

Neuroscientist Bobby Kasthuri will be a part of this connectome project, some 100 million neurons altogether, approximately. It would do so by piecing together millions of 2-dimensional images to make a 3-dimensional picture of the brain’s white matter. Kasthuri and colleagues plan on mapping a number of different brains, not just one.

They don’t know how much one will vary from the next and they’re excited to see the differences among age groups. Researchers believe the results will give us greater insights into human psychology, thinking, learning, and behavior, and help us better understand all sorts of conditions, such as autism and schizophrenia.

To hear the announcement by the DOE of the creation of this supercomputer, click here:

Link Original: https://bigthink.com/philip-perry/supercomputer-aurora-21-will-map-the-human-brain-starting-in-2021


AVALON EVOLUTIVE SCHOOL

Alguna vez has oído hablar del Center of Developing Child de la Universidad de Harvard?.Somos parte del selecto grupo de educadores que estudian, junto con Harvard, las formas de minimizar los daños cerebrales en la educación de los niños de 0 a 10 años ✅..Estudiamos, proponemos soluciones, entrenamos a personas y realizamos acciones 😊..Quieres saber más? Ven Avalonear ™️!


‘Geração digital’: por que, pela 1ª vez, filhos têm QI inferior ao dos pais

A Fábrica de Cretinos Digitais. Este é o título do último livro do neurocientista francês Michel Desmurget, diretor de pesquisa do Instituto Nacional de Saúde da França, em que apresenta, com dados concretos e de forma conclusiva, como os dispositivos digitais estão afetando seriamente — e para o mal — o desenvolvimento neural de crianças e jovens.

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O que controla sua vida é sua consciência ou seu estado zumbi?

Quantas vezes você se viu fazendo alguma coisa sem ter consciência disso? Costuma-se dizer que isso é agir no “piloto automático” – e se isso é real ou não, é uma questão de 1.500 anos, desde que o filósofo Santo Agostinho se perguntou se a consciência é contínua ou se estamos conscientes apenas em certos momentos do tempo. Para um grupo de psicofísicos da Escola Politécnica Federal de Lausanne (EPFL), na Suíça, a resposta é: os dois.

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Common class of drugs linked to increased risk of Alzheimer’s disease

A team of scientists, led by researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine, report that a class of drugs used for a broad array of conditions, from allergies and colds to hypertension and urinary incontinence, may be associated with an increased risk of cognitive decline, particularly in older adults at greater risk for Alzheimer’s disease (AD).

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How do birds navigate? Quantum entanglement suggests

  • Birds’ navigation using Earth’s very faint magnetic fields suggests an incredible level of sensitivity.
  • There’s reason to think that sensitivity may be based on quantum entanglement in cryptochrome in their eyes.
  • Identifying the role of quantum physics in biology could lead, well, who knows where?

Okay, this is far from confirmed, but it’s pretty radical, and exciting. It’s a possible and plausible answer to a question that’s puzzled biologists ever since the manner in which birds navigate became apparent. The question is: How can birds possibly be able to perceive and follow something as faint as the Earth’s magnetic field? The possible answer? It may be that they perceive it through the interaction of entangled quantum particles in their eyes.

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“PRESENCIÉ UN ASOMOBRO MARAVILLOSO” – NIÑOS EN AFGANISTÁN RECIBEN LOS PRIMEROS LIBROS

“Sé que los libros, especialmente los libros para niños, imparten sabiduría, expanden la imaginación, fomentan la empatía y la aceptación y además inspiran. Quiero dar uno de los primeros grandes pasos en Afganistán para sustituir la cultura de las armas y la violencia con la cultura de los libros, los cuentos y el aprendizaje.”

https://idriesshahfoundation.org/…/presencie-un-asombro-mar…