Sense of wonderment may relieve the worry of waiting for uncertain news

An induced feeling of awe, or state of wonder, may be the best strategy yet for alleviating the discomfort that comes from uncertain waiting.

Kate Sweeny’s research explores the most excruciating form of waiting: the period during which one awaits uncertain news, the outcome of which is beyond one’s control. It’s waiting for news from a biopsy, or whether you aced — or tanked — the exam. That’s distinguished from waiting periods such as when looking for a new job, when you have at least some control over the outcome.

Her research has found some clues for alleviating those difficult periods. Meditation helps, as does engaging in “flow” activities — those that require complete focus, such as a video game.

“However, meditation is not for everyone, and it can be difficult to achieve a state of flow when worry is raging out of control,” Sweeny and her team assert in their latest related research, published recently in The Journal of Positive Psychology.

Sweeny, a professor of psychology at UC Riverside, has discovered what may be the best strategy yet to alleviate the most uncomfortable purgatory of waiting. That is, awe, defined in the research as a state of wonder, a transportive mindset brought on by beautiful music, or a deeply affecting film.

The research drew from two studies, for a total of 729 participants. In the first test, participants took a faux intelligence assessment. In the second test, participants believed they were awaiting feedback on how other study participants perceived them.

In both cases, they watched one of three movies that inspired varying levels of awe. The first was an “awe induction” video, a high-definition video of a sunrise with instrumental music. The second was a positive control video meant to elicit happy feelings, but not awe. The video was of cute animal couples. The third was a neutral video. In this case, about how padlocks are made.

Researchers found that those exposed to the awe-induction video experienced significantly greater positive emotion and less anxiety during the period waiting for IQ test results and peer assessments.

“Our research shows that watching even a short video that makes you feel awe can make waiting easier, boosting positive emotions that can counteract stress in those moments,” Sweeny said.

Sweeny said the research can be used to devise strategies for maximizing positive emotion and minimizing anxiety during the most taxing periods of waiting. Because the concept of awe has only received recent attention in psychology, the research also is the first to stress its beneficial effects during stressful waiting periods, opening new opportunities for study.

“Now that we know we can make people feel better through brief awe experiences while they’re waiting in the lab, we can take this knowledge out into the real world to see if people feel less stressed when they watch “Planet Earth” or go to an observatory, for example, while they’re suffering through a difficult waiting period,” Sweeny said.

Link Original: https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/06/190624111532.htm?fbclid=IwAR06t0ExCs1LEBGi9Yqnk96HJGTY7ue5C1pFRDAS0mhxIHMIPU-maamdFnI


Big data says food is too sweet

New research from the Monell Center analyzed nearly 400,000 food reviews posted by Amazon customers to gain real-world insight into the food choices that people make. The findings reveal that many people find the foods in today’s marketplace to be too sweet.

“This is the first study of this scale to study food choice beyond the artificial constraints of the laboratory,” said study lead author Danielle Reed, PhD, a behavioral geneticist at Monell. “Sweet was the most frequently mentioned taste quality and the reviewers definitively told us that human food is over-sweetened.”

The study used data posted on an open-source data science site to examine 393,568 unique food reviews of 67,553 products posted by 256,043 Amazon customers over a 10-year period. Using a sophisticated statistical modeling program to identify words related to taste, texture, odor, spiciness, cost, health, and customer service, the scientists computed the number of reviews that mentioned each of these categories.

“Reading and synthesizing almost 400,000 reviews would essentially be impossible for a human team, but recent developments in machine learning gave us the ability to understand both which words are present and also their underlying semantic meaning,” said study coauthor Joel Mainland, PhD, an olfactory neurobiologist at Monell.

The focus on product over-sweetness was striking, as almost one percent of product reviews, regardless of food type, used the phrase “too sweet.” When looking at reviews that referred to sweet taste, the researchers found that over-sweetness was mentioned 25 times more than under-sweetness.

The findings, published online in advance of print in Physiology & Behavior, indicated that over 30 percent of the Amazon food product reviews mentioned “taste,” making it the most frequently-used word.

Drilling down, the scientists found that sweet taste was mentioned in 11 percent of product reviews, almost three times more often than bitter. Saltiness was rarely mentioned, a somewhat surprising finding in light of public health concerns about excess salt consumption.

Seeking to better understand individual differences in how people respond to a given food, the scientists also looked at responses to the 10 products that received the widest range of ratings, as defined by the variability in the number of stars the product received. They identified two factors that tended to account for polarizing reviews related to a product: product reformulation and differing perspectives on the product’s taste. With regard to taste, people often rated the sweetness of a product differently. Response to a product’s smell also contributed to differences in opinion about a particular product.

“Genetic differences in taste or olfactory receptor sensitivity may help account for the extreme reactions that some products get,” said Reed. “Looking at the responses to polarizing foods could be a way to increase understanding of the biology of personal differences in food choice.”

Together, the findings illustrate the potential uses of big-data approaches and consumer reviews to advance sensory nutrition, an emerging field that integrates knowledge from sensory science with nutrition and dietetics to improve health. Moving forward, similar methods may inform approaches to personalized nutrition that can match a person’s sensory responses to inform healthier food choices.

Link Original:https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/06/190624124501.htm?fbclid=IwAR1co3dP746SWfLAXsKPMNqYzrK-Ejl2t4acZ7vGj35ZPokE9tg3ZWdi97Y


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Una de las características realmente Súficas de Rumi es que, aunque diga la cosa más impopular sin ambages – que el hombre común, independientemente de sus logros formales, es místicamente inmaduro –, también ofrece a casi todo el mundo la oportunidad de progresar hacia la realización del destino humano.

Como muchos Sufis situados en un ambiente teológico, Rumi se dirige primero a su auditorio sobre el tema de la religión. Subraya que la forma en que la religión emocional corriente es comprendida por las corporaciones organizadas es incorrecta. El Velo de la Luz, que es la barrera originada por la santurronería, es más peligroso que el Velo de la Oscuridad, producido en la mente por el vicio. La comprensión puede llegar únicamente a través del amor, y no por entrenamientos impartidos con métodos institucionales.

Los Sufis

La nueva traducción está disponible en todos los formatos: impreso (tapa blanda y dura), eBook y muy pronto el audiolibro.

También lo puedes leer gratis, aquí:

https://idriesshahfoundation.org/es/books/los-sufis/

Una de las características realmente Súficas de Rumi es que







 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Durante los meses en los que he estado trabajando activamente en, y pensando en la preparación de, este material, mencioné a cierto obispo mi tarea y el placer que sentía ante la posibilidad de contribuir a este tema. Sus palabras fueron: “¿El islam? ¿Ese montón de basura vieja? ¿Me estás queriendo decir que alguien en su sano juicio está interesado en él? Bueno, supongo que debemos tomarlo como parte integral de la decadencia actual de los estándares, como esos jóvenes necios que recurren a las religiones orientales y esas tonterías como la astrología y la brujería. Sería mejor aconsejarles a tus amigos que buscaran una orientación cristiana sólida sobre la verdad del cristianismo, lo que pronto pondría fin a esos disparates.”

Otro clérigo principal, de otra persuasión cristiana, me condujo a su biblioteca donde “comprobó” en sus libros que los musulmanes adoraban ídolos llamados Termagantes. También dijo que había leído que los musulmanes creían que el ataúd de Muhammad estaba milagrosamente suspendido en el aire pero no se les permitía verlo y que su primera necesidad, ya que para tales personas la capacidad de entregarse a Dios estaba lejísimos, era rendirse ante la verdad y salvar sus almas mediante la conversión al cristianismo. No creo que estuviera muy contento cuando decidí responderle a su propio nivel y dije: “Parece una religión muy atractiva, pero me temo que apenas tendré que intentar entregarme a Dios, ya que no creo que los termagantes me dejen aceptar tu profunda erudición.”

El propósito de narrarles estos casos es subrayar el hecho de que cuando hablamos de “cristianos” y “musulmanes”, primero debemos asegurarnos de que estamos hablando de personas que tienen una idea, que debería ser más o menos correcta, acerca de lo que supuestamente el otro cree y lo que se espera que haga como consecuencia de esa creencia. A partir de mi experiencia personal y la examinación de la literatura, siento que no podemos dar por sentado que un diálogo es posible, sin información y quizás sin comprensión, entre individuos o grupos en todos los niveles. Así que el prerrequisito es la información.

El elefante en la oscuridad

Disponible por primera vez en español, en formato papel. Próximamente como eBook + audiolibro.

También, como siempre, lo puedes leer gratis aquí:

http://idriesshahfoundation.org/…/el-elefante-en-la-oscuri…/

Durante los meses en los que he estado trabajando activamente