Student Characteristics and Behaviors at Age 12 Predict Occupational Success 40 Years Later Over and Above Childhood IQ and Parental Socioeconomic Status

Drawing on a 2-wave longitudinal sample spanning 40 years from childhood (age 12) to middle

adulthood (age 52), the present study was designed to examine how student characteristics and behaviors

in late childhood (assessed in Wave 1 in 1968) predict career success in adulthood (assessed in Wave 2

in 2008).

We examined the influence of parental socioeconomic status (SES), childhood intelligence, and

student characteristics and behaviors (inattentiveness, school entitlement, responsible student, sense of

inferiority, impatience, pessimism, rule breaking and defiance of parental authority, and teacher-rated

studiousness) on 2 important real-life outcomes (i.e., occupational success and income). The longitudinal

sample consisted of N 745 persons who participated in 1968 (M 11.9 years, SD 0.6; 49.9%

female) and 2008 (M 51.8 years, SD 0.6; 53.3% female). Regression analyses and path analyses

were conducted to evaluate the direct and indirect effects (via education) of the predictors on career

success. The results revealed direct and indirect influences of student characteristics (responsible student,

rule breaking and defiance of parental authority, and teacher-rated studiousness) across the life span on

career success after adjusting for differences in parental SES and IQ at age 12.

Link Original para descargar PDF: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/279807627_Student_Characteristics_and_Behaviors_at_Age_12_Predict_Occupational_Success_40_Years_Later_Over_and_Above_Childhood_IQ_and_Parental_Socioeconomic_Status

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